Expenditure of National Games Contingents: Economic Impact on the Local Economy of Negros Oriental, Philippines


  • Ester Tan
  • Craig Refugio
  • Carlou Bernaldez


This study estimated the multiplier effects of initial spending from contingents to a national sporting event, the Palarong Pambansa 2013, which generated a series of re-spending at the host local economy.  Contingents were segmented into four groups – athletes, coaches, officiating/technical officials, and support staff – in order to establish their spending profile and how this was affected by their age.  A sample from each group was determined, resulting in a total sample size of 383 respondents from a population of 9,532 participants. To minimize the possibility of generating overstated multipliers as claimed in previous studies, respondents were limited to members of contingents only whose main purpose at the event site was to compete in the different contests, thereby avoiding the substitution effect in their planned activities. Simple and multiple correlation analyses were used to measure the degree of linear relationship between the given predictor variables (segment, product type, and age) and expenditure.   Results indicate a significant positive correlation between the segment, product type and age to the expenditure, implying that the older athletes, coaches, officials, support staff as well as knowing the product type tended to produce higher expenditure.  At the end of the multiplier process, after accounting for leakages in estimating the multiplier for each segment, the study found that the multiplier generated by the initial expenditures created economic impact by way of expanding the financial base of the local economy.


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How to Cite

Tan, E., Refugio, C., & Bernaldez, C. (2015). Expenditure of National Games Contingents: Economic Impact on the Local Economy of Negros Oriental, Philippines. PRISM, 20(1). Retrieved from https://norsu.edu.ph/norsuprism/index.php/norsuprism/article/view/1